Benjamin Marston's Diary: 1776-1787 [a machine-readable transcription]

Author: Marston, Benjamin

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Benjamin Marston's Diary: 1776-1787

Author: Benjamin Marston

3 v.

Winslow Family Papers, MG H2, vol.20-22 University of New Brunswick Archives, Harriet Irving Library

This text was prepared as an SGML TEI pilot project.

Verification has been made against the manuscript version. tems added are assumed to be interlinear unless otherwise noted. Items deleted are assumed to be scored through unless otherwise noted. All manuscript corrections are in the hand of the author, Benjamin Marston. Nautical notes and charts have not been transcribed and exist only as images. Underscoring and line indentation have not been preserved. All names have been checked against Winslow Collection indices. No name authority control exists at present. (February, 1997). Images exist as archived PICT images. Keywords in the header are a local scheme to aid in establishing analytical groupings

non-fiction; poetry; prose



June 10 1776-06-10

Page Image

Sailed from Halifax in the Schooner
Earl Percy
Nath. Atkins master for

Dominica& The Fleet and Army under

Admiral Shuldham &
Genl Howe
sailed ye same day for
New York &
Arrived at
Roseau in
Dominica after
40 days passage & The long passage
& the ill condition my Cargo was shiped
in hurt it very much (it being chiefly
fish) so that I made but an indifferent
sale &


Aug. 24 1776-08-24

Sailed from
Roiseau for

Mr Routh in ye Brig Minerva came
into ye Road just as we got under way
he was chased in his passage & threw
some letters overboard on which as he inform'd
Dr. Prince depended for getting
some insurance made on

Aug. 26 1776-08-26

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Arrived in
St. Eustatius & tarried there one
night & one day Here I had ye very
great pleasure of seeing my old friend

Mr. Longbotham whom I had not seen for
ten years. I spent ye chief of my time
with him He is still ye same man

27 1776-08-27

Sailed from
St. Eustatius in ye Evening


September ye191776-09-19

was taken by the Eagle Privateer

Capt Elijah Freeman Paine commr in
Lat: 41.2 on ye eastern part of

22d 1776-09-22

arrived at
Plymouth next day
was examined by the committee of
safety (
Dr. Torey foreman) & was by them
unanimously ordered to jail, my committment
was respited till next day on account of my
things being not landed out of the prize
& for that night my Brother
W Watson was my
Bail The next day upon another

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consultation had, the Committee of safety altered
the place of my confinement. from ye common
Jail to my Brother
Watson's house to which
I came ye 24th Inst. The reason the committee give
for confineing me is that ye People will be dissatisfied if I am let go at large But the true
reason is that ye malice & Revenge of I---W Esq
would not otherwise be satisfyed, & the Committee
are to a man his creatures.

A List of the Committee who ordered me to
be confined

These were all met together at
Mr. Mayhem'swith
one accord & were all of one mind & so they
ordered me to Prison

To my Sister
Lucia Watsonwith my Picture in

Speed little Portrait, quickly, hence & go
A Brother's likeness to his Sister show.
Full to her view disclose his features all
And tell her thus appears the Original
Health & Content enlivening his face
Shew that within his Breast dwells smiling Peace
And tho now exil'd from his native land
Drove from his home by Faction's cruel hand
He still looks down on fickle Fortune's power
Nor lets her frowns his chearful temper sour
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Still pleas'd with life happy he spends each day
Enjoys each blessing Heaven sends his way
No unfeeling Stoic, Nor all engaged for self,
And Miser=like regarding only Self
But still preserves a Sympathising heart
And to his Neighbour's joy can keep a part
For man distress'd can shed a pitying tear
And what he can't prevent can help to bear
Life's Ocean thus he calmly passes o'er
Nor fears a landing on ye other shore
Being Sure, in this or any other Sphere
Of always being as blest as he can bear
Accept dear
Lucia this rough piece
T'amuse you tis design'd
The portrait shews your Brother's face
This fragment shews his mind

Wrote from Windsor Nova Scotia May 1776

Page Image


Accept dear maid in friendly part
This artless lay, `t's from one whose heart
Forever yet has constant prov'd
And faithful to the fair he lov'd
To you at W---h's happy place
The Seat of plenty joy & Peace
Where oft Apollo does resort
And with ye muses keeps his Court
`Tis sent, in hopes it may amuse you
When the writer's present State it shews you
Quite chang'd from that he enjoy'd of late
At Winkworth's hospitable Seat
Where with ye wise the good ye young
A hundred years he'd scarce think long
While every day new Objects brot
To please ye Sense or engage ye Thot
Sometimes descanting on ye Fashion
Then Serious grown reform ye Nation
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And Spend ye e'en of every day
In rebuses & Bouts rimez
Then sometimes Stolling down ye Hill
To see ye Goose with little Will
Who tired with rambling up & down
Cries taake me so goes shoulder'd home
But that which brighten'd all ye rest
And to each pleasure gave a zest
Was to hear & See you all ye while
To Kindly talk & sweetly Smile
But very different is ye Scene
In which I ever since have been
Appollo's nor one muses face
I've ne'er yet seen in all this place
No genial Souls with whom to set
And gravely talk or gayly chat
No little Will with whom to play
No Rebuses no Bouts rimez
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Nor no
Eliza who with Ease
Made every Scene & Object please
But Mars & Neptune's boisterous sons
With pipes & fifes & drums & guns
With rattling driving firing tearing
Bawling Thumping Scolding Swearing
Present mine eyes a different view
From that I late enjoy'd with you
But let me hope These Storms o'er blown
And Smiling Peace again return'd
In some secure retreat to prove
The happy Object of your love
This irksome Scene I then wou'd pass
With heart resolv'd & Stedy face
Nor mind ye waves that should rowl o'er
So fair a havenlying before me

Halifax June 1776


October 13
Plymouth 1776-10-13

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Sunday This is ye third Sunday I have spent
in this place & have not been once inside of a
meeting house So cruel are my Enemies they
deprive me of the pleasure of hearing their pious
Good ministers preach & pray I believe they
think I have no soul or they don't care what
becomes of it Or they think that going to meeting will not do me any good I think so too
But still I should be glad to go now & then, for a
little variety's sake

The names of the Officers on board the Eagle
as she is call'd

Stephen Sewall1776-10-15

Page Image


These few lines come to let you know
That I am well hope you are so
(The true Style This epistolary
From which good writers ne'er should vary)
Likewise to give you information
Of my present situation.
Quite unlike your's who now at ease
Can ramble wheresoe'er you please;
In Town or out on foot or Nag on
To Church to
Burdick's or ye Dragon;
Can go to
Tom's Can dine with
At night beat
Peter of his pence;
Who with ill luck quite surely made
Growls like a bear with broken head,
While I poor D---l am here confin'd
(A State which no way suits my mind)
For being you know all ye story
A sad incorrigeable Tory
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And now I am left so in the lurch
By Heavens! I can't e'en go to Church.
However Even let it run
`t's a d---n'd long Lane that has no turn
And when ye Tide has all ebb'd out
The next thing 't does is to turn about
As flow as high (Nay sometimes more)
As it low-water was before
It is some comfort when the Course
Of things is such They can't be worse
For then the next change that they take
Must certain for the better make.
Well don't you think reasons like these
Ar' enough to keep one's heart at ease
Some of them are old sayings too
And therefore twice as good as new.
I'll therefore set my heart at rest
And of a bad Bargain make ye best.
But yet it would some comfort be
If I could but an old friend see
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With whom to set awhile & chatter
Of this & that & t'other matter
The many happy Hours tell o'er
Which we've enjoyed heretofore
So if you will but hither come
We'll add another to ye Sum
And as dame Fortune's been unkind
I'll fight a cock to raise the wind
And in my turn will also tell ye
The accidents which have befell me
The many fine things I have seen
In all those places where I've been
Which I'll relate as certain true
As many Other Travellers do.
But here I may n't omit to say
How I took
Eustatius in my way
And spent with
Longbothama day
That artfull Bard! Who under guise
Of telling Forty Thousand lies
Told real truths was thence ye dread
Of dear licentious
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And when you come pray do bring wi' you
Some books
A list of which I gi' you
Swift Pope & Prior, and also Gay's
Poems, together with Hume's Essays
That's if your carriage will but hold `em
Tom has not before now sold `em
For should he have ta'en it in his head
But once to think that I am dead
You'll ne'er be able to bring one
For he'll then Swear they're all his own
But in that case you may assure
Him, That I'm as much alive as you're
But should he yet be unbelieving
Upon my word then I am still living
And it is thot in such a case
A man's own word may safely pass
Now Love & Service where `tis due
But more especially to you
And to the Jewells all whom you know
So having nothing more to send
I remain till death your loving friend

Plymouth Oct. 15 1776 in prison BM

Sunday Oct. 20 1776 1776-10-20

Page Image

The Occurencies of my life are at present so unimportant That going to meeting or Staying at
home are become remarkable transactions so
I put it down as a remarkable event that this
day I went to meeting all day & heard the
Mr. Baron preach about nothing.


Wednesday Nov. 6 1776-11-06

filed the following claim in
Register of the Maritime Court's Office for the
Southern District

To the honourable:
Nathan Cushing Esq. Judge of the
Maritime Court of the Southern District

Be it Remembered that on the 25th day of
Oct.o In the year of our Lord 1776
B Marston of

Marblehead in ye county of Essex Esq comes into Court
For himself & others concerned therein claims
the SchoonrEarl Percy her Cargo & appurtenancies against which. a Libel is filed in this honourable:
Court in behalf of
Elijah Paine & others & the truth

Page Image

of the facts contained in said Libel is to be tried
Plymouth in said Court on the second Tuesday
of November next and ye said
Marston says
the same Schoonr Her Cargo & appurtenances
are not by law liable to forfeiture wherefore
he prays the same may be restored to him
for his own use & the use of others concerned
therein & for his costs


Nov.7 1776-11-07

Was this day much refreshed by a visit
Colo Fowles &
Tho Lewis they tarried about
3 hours & then went away

Nov. 12. 1776-11-12

Mr. Whitmore came to see me I agreedwith him to undertake the defence of the Libel
against the Schooner Earl Percy & Cargo He is to
have nothing for his trouble unless he succeeds

Page Image

If he succeeds he is to be rewarded over the common
fees in such cases, in consideration of his running
a risk of not being paid at all

Nov. 24 1776-11-24

It is a year this day since I left
& went into
Boston in which time I have seen more
variety than in all my life before I have lived in
a town beseiged on board ships both of war &
others, have been at sea in ye
West Indies have
lain in ye woods have travelled by land & carried
my baggage on my back have been taken
& am now in prison not worth a groat But
I can still feel my self contented & happy whence
I conclude that Health of Body & peace of mind
are more essential to human happiness than
either Riches or Honours . I thank Heaven
I am amply possess'd of ye two first

Nov. 25 1776-11-25

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This day ye
Plymouth innoculating Hospital was opened
Brothr. Willm. &
Elize. Watson
with their children went in
Colo Geo. Watson
also Under ye care of Drs.
Sprague &


Dec. 2 1776-12-02

Salt is now at 10 S Ster p bush: flour
at about 6 dollars p cw woolens & Linnens are
scarcely to be had & yet This miserably deceived
People are made to believe they can support an independency Bread corn has got to a price which
was hardly ever known in times of ye greatest dearth
& yet there were scarcely ever better crops
what will it be next Spring? The time when this
Province (State I mean I beg pardon)
used to recieve some hundreds of Thousand bushells of
grain from ye Southern Provinces There is now
an order for draughting every fourth man to relieve
ye army, whose term of service is within a few days
of expiring What a miserable figure must such

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a new raised raw undisciplined unprovided body of
people make, when opposed to experienced veteran
Troops, well provided with every thing necessary to live
in yefield, & commanded by Officers & a
General who have acquired yr knowledge & skill
in ye Art of war by long service, & by being engaged
against ye best troops in ye world; excepting the
British Their Infatuation is beyond all example God have mercy upon them, & open their

Dec. 7. 1776-12-07

Their army is now broken to pieces
Their General not to be found so that
General How
has been obliged to send to ye Governor of
about an exchange of prisoners of whom he has
great Mr.s They have likewise lost a very great
part of their Cannon Tents & baggage And yet
the managers of the Game in ye Province affect to talk in
ye high Style Still push ye draughting of every
fourth man to releive ye Army who are every day

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running home Sick louzy ragged & Full of all
manner of nastiness Nay General W---n (who
moves the Puppets (or puppies) of this place, has
the effrontery to give out that a French Fleet & army
will be over early in the Spring But he has
lyed so often & so barefacedly That his very
tools & creatures begin to distrust & condemn him
A Fleet from
France! There will be one
from ye Moon as soon Strange Stupidity
to expect assistance from that quarter For can it
be thot that any European power who has colonies in
America would lend a helping hand to form an independant State here so large as one, as ye British Colonies
would make; if all united (ten years afterwards
I find in ys I was much out in my Guess

Cocoa has been sold within these few days for 6.10 S.
Lm p C.c I make this memo to know how much
to call upon
Capt Paine for who has taken upwards
of 4400 lbs of Cocoa out of yeEarl Percy & sold it

Dec 9th 1776-12-09


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The Lye of ye day now is ~ That ye British
Army has received a great defeat in
This was propagated from ye Pulpit yesterday afternoon after ye Service was ended by reading a letter
from providence which in the most professingmanner begged for men to be sent to
Rhode Iland as
they hourly expected the King's Troops would pay
them a visit

11 1776-12-11

Rhode Iland is now in possession of the King's
Admiral Hopkins & his fleet are blocked up
in Providence
Nastron Ilands have been plundered & the Buildings burned The Militia
are ordered to march to
Bristole about 150
go from this Town General W--- assures
us that we shall have a large fleet & a grand
Army from
France very early next Spring
Great Brittain (as it is called) is quite impoverished by the American War & that she cannot possibly1776

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hold it above six months longer & then the
will be all our own
Colonel Tommy likewise Speechifyed to ye militia on ye occassion of their
going forth And said that he is a man
of true genuine Courage, & resolution, generous &
publick Spirited & whoever sayes the contrary
he will take care that they shall repent of it, for
he will take down their names in order to have them
draughted in short he spake so cogently; as to leave
us under no doubt; about his true Character

Thursday Dec 12 1776-12-12

Thanks-giving to Day I
went to
Rocky Nook & dined with my Brother
captain Archdeaconwith me

I have promised
captain Atkins That if he can getfavourably
& honorably discharged from ye employ he is now engaged
in, & will wait to see if I can recover yeEarl Percy
That I will keep him in pay so long as two months
if it should be necessary to wait so long at five pounds


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sterlingpermonth & will likewise allow him 1/2 yeCommissionswhich I shall at any time hereafter receive upon
Ervin & Prince's parts of ye Cargo which is 2/3
if he will again go with me
Privateers out of Plymouth

Dec 14 Saturday 1776-12-14

An embargo, I hear is laid
upon all shiping in this State The reason
given is To get men to man the State's Ships
of War & also a number of Merchant Ships
which ye State is fitting out for the
on a public commercialaccount I will prophecy for once and if my prophesies should not
come to pass I shall not be ye first prophet who has

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made a mistake * I do now foretell that this fleet
of Merchant Ships will never return here again
It is not designed that it should These mimick
politicians These wretched State Foundersplainly see That their case is desperate They are now
providing for ye worst They will now impose
upon ye ignorant country Representatives, & persuade
them to grant whatever sums they want, to equip &
Load this flota, under pretence of purchasing
warlike Stores for ye campaign ye next season
when it is arrived at ye
Bahamas, or wherever it
is destined for The interest will be deposited for
the use of any of them who shall be so fortunate as
to escape the hands of Justice perhaps some
of them may think proper to go in the
* Greatly mistaking

Peace & Joy 1776-12-14


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To the happy Nuptials of the much honoured

Mr. Josiah Winslow, and the truly
Miss Penelope Pelham
Mr. Mrs.
Pure joys, clear fame & fortune fair
In all times crown this worthy Pair
Ever may they in virtue (spight
Of all repugnancies) shine bright
No rock can be their wreck no foe their fear
Set sail for heaven and do by virtue steer
Envy may then blow but not blast
In rudest Storms Firm Rocks stand fast
Love linked with virtur free from vice
Appears another paradise
Outward plenty mental peace
Holiness & Happiness
Preserve their joys & guide their way
Ever may reason rule passion obey
While reason's hand doth steer Love cannot stray
Posterity is wedlock's crown
Issue to Nature adds renown
Ever may worthy issue bless their blood
Nature produce them: fair Grace make them good


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Love's true intentions make them ever prove
Sincerety to be soul of Love
Holiness make them Happiness to last
Like laurel which no Lightning can blast
Always may Goodness be their guide & Guard
Our Goodness Still finds safety for reward
May they live long thus blessed & may each name
Wear the best Coat of Arms A Spotless fame
May you since God a worthy wife did Give
With her still as a man of knowledge live
May your responsive virtue ever prove
Obedience is no bondage where we love

1652 author unknown

Thursday Dec 18th 1776-12-18

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Thursday Dec. 18th

The Committee of Safety have this day
given me the Liberty of the Town & of going
as far as
Rocky Nook I do not know what
has moved them to it, they have done it unaskedby me
perhaps I am obliged to
Brother Watson for
it If I am, it is generous in him

Mr. Judge Cushing has given order for the
sale of yeEarl Percy & her Cargo & she &
that were accordingly sold yerterday at publick vendue. This is done before she has
had any trial without any necessity from ye
nature of her Cargo which was not perishable
being Rum & Cocoa & when two claims
were laid in for her
Ephm. Spooner
was Vendue master


Jany 15 1777-01-15


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The Committee of Safety in this place have
particularly prohibited several persons & their families from visiting
the Jail, where are now confined sundry Persons who
having been pressed into ye Service have refused either
to serve or pay their fine These people are now
kept in close jail

captains Hatch & Sampson both taken
Nicholson has got in with one prize
only, a Jamaica Ship
captain Dawson has ta=
ken 15 sail of Prizes The adventurers
in ye privateering business from
Newbury Port
have made but a loosing business of it

General Washington> surprised a party of 1600
Hessians & took & killed ye major part of them took
their baggage Waggons tents & cannon This is
made great use of to raise ye Spirits of ye People
& to encourage them to enter into ye service again
of which they have grown heartily sick & tired thepublicaccounts of this matter make it upwards of 900

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some very good private intelligence reduce it to about 1/3 that
Number The publicaccounts of this day areuniversally to be suspected The Lye of the
day now is, a French War is inevitable

There are 6000 prisoners now in
York a great Number
Halifax besides those
General Carlton has
sent from
Quebec under promise of not taking up
arms again ye Number I forget but it was
some hundreds

Jan. 20. 77


I received yours I acknowledge to you that I
have thot myself hardly dealt by, in being
left by you as I was But if it has beenowing to unavoidable accidents, I have not a word
more to say Respecting ye attempt I have
made to recover my vessell & Cargo One moment's
reflection (I think) will convince you, that I
have done no more, that what Justice to myself
& Faithfulness to those who committed their Interest
1777 to my care, required me to do & should I prosecute
that matter any further, I believe you would
have no reason to complain of me as an unfair
Antagonist But as ye Vessell & Cargo are
sold, I shall pursue it no further I have
now no other object in veiw but to obtain my liberty
& return to
Nova Scotia as soon as I can whatever assistance you may be able to afford me
towards obtaining this point (whenever I apply
for it) shall receive all proper acknowledgments
from me I will mention but one thing
more, which is That a hogshead of Tobacco belonging
captain Atkinswhich he put into ye same store with
ye Percy's Cargo, was sold with it He left me a
power to receive his wages, & orders to sell that
Cask of Tobacco & send all ye mony to his friends
Barnstable Now, I would beg the favor
of you, to signifie to your agents, or to whatever person
has the care of the mony which ye Cargo sold for, that they
would pay to me yeamount of said Tobacco as to the

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1777 Wages, They cannot (I suppose) be regularly
settled till the Vessell is condemned but I
have authority to compound that matter if it
might be agreable I give you this hint, &
you may govern yourself accordingly
I am your humble servant
captain Elijah Freeman Paine

Jany 29 1777-01-27

Set out from
Rocky Nook &lodged at
Gallaison's next day went to
Colonel Miller's at

Milton a Snowy disagreable day lodged at
Miller's two nights

Saturday Feby 1 1777-02-1

arrived in

Boston & have quartered my self upon
Mr. White

Feby 7th 1777-02-07

I gave in my name to a
Mr. Peirpoint
who is a Commissiary for the exchange of prisoners The Committee of
after giving me Liberty of ye Town for about 6 weeks
Thot proper to take new measuers with me They
told me if I stayed with them I must be again confined

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or I might tarry at
Rocky Nook or go to

Marblehead I chose ye last but I shall stay in

Boston as long as I can until I get liberty
to go out of ye Jurisdiction


March 5 1777-03-05


Boston & came to
Salem Having
obtained leave of the Council to go to
Halifax in
ye Cartel

6th 1777-03-06

came to
Marblehead 9th embarqued on board
ye Cartel after being plagued one whole day
with ye M---d Committee God send us safe to

Halifax & give me a happy sight of my dear

18th 1777-03-18

Arrived safe in
Halifax after 4 days
Lieut. Sprey the Officer of the Cartel
treated me with great politeness & humanity
Am so happy as to find my dear Miss E--- in this
place The pleasure of again seeing that Dear
Girl has abundantly rewarded me for all yedisagreeable feelings of a 6months imprisonment
Gracious Heaven! Grant me to be but so fortunate as to be able to provide for that dearest Girl an

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1777 easy Situation in Life & ye cannot make me
Latitude of
Cape Sable by astronomical observations:
43. 27'

March 21 1777-03-21

Had ye honour to dine this day with

Gen.l Massy

Sunday March 23 1777-03-23

Went to
Sackville tarried
there till Wednesday
E--- was of the Party


Took lodging's with
Misses Lloyd's Thursday
March 20th at a guinea per week


April 2d. 1777-04-02

Went to
Winkworth Spent a week
very agreeablywith that amiable worthy Family
return'd on Wednesday ye 9th just at dark

Halifax in Lat. 44:44' N Long: 4 hours 14 W 6330' Long W.

To Eliza 1777-04-02

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Eliza, dearest maid farewell
From you I now must part
Leave you in
Halifax to dwell
& ply the Seaman's art


Then we a very different Scene
Around us shall survey
You Beaux in red, in brown, & green,
I monsters of the sea


Employments too of different kind
Will then consume each day
You to amuse or inform your mind
I to explore my Way


But whatsoever my employ
Or where so e'er I go
I ne'er shall know a heart felt joy
Till I return to you


Till that much wish'd for hour comes round
May you still happy Live
And with those joys Each day be crown'd
Which Health & Virtue give

Halifax April 1777

a memo of the Interest the Rebels took from me & sold at
Plymouth in
New England1777-04

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1/3 6818 gallons Rum is 2272 .5gallons it sold
at an average @ 5/6 sterlingsterling 624.18.9

1/3 of 4436 pounds cocoa is 1478pounds is 13.0.22 @pounds 5.0 65.18.9

1/3 12barrells Limes @ 60/ 12. .

2 hogshead Rum my own private advent.
220gallons @ 5/6 60.10

858pounds Tobacco @ 3d 10.14.6

sterling L 774.2.0
deduct my part of Vessel hire & wages at 50

Journal of a Voyage in the Schooner Polly >From
Philadelphia to
Halifax 1778

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Most of this page has been torn from the original. See image.

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Most of this page has been torn from the original. See image.


Saturday May 9. 1778> 1778-05-09

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Sunday May.10. 1778 1778-05-10

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Monday May 11. 1778 1778-05-11

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Tuesday May 12. 1778 1778-05-12

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Wednesday May 13. 1778 1778-05-13

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Thursday May 14. 1778 1778-05-14

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Friday May 15. 1778 1778-05-15

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Saturday May 16. 1778 1778-05-16

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.


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This Life is a well furnished Table
Where Guests are promisculously sett
Who all fare as well as they're able
And Scramble for what they can get
My simile suits to a title
Some gorge while some scarce get a taste
But to him who's content with a little
Enough is as Good as a Feast

Love in a Village

Fryday July 10th. 1778 1778-07-10

I am now afloat again The following is a Journal of a Voyage from
Halifax in
Nova Scotia to

St. John's Newfoundland in the good Schooner
Pollybelonging to
Mr. John PrinceMerch. In

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Saturday July 11 1778-07-11

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Sunday July 12 1778-07-12

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

1778 Monday July 13 1778-07-13

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

1778 Tuesday July 14 1778-07-14

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Wednesday July 15 1778-07-15

at 7am
Cape Racebore NE at5
Leagues Distance.

Thursday 16 1778-07-16

at 6 pm
Ferrylandbore NNW 2 1/2
Leagues Distant at 12 at night brot too under F sail
head to ye SE right off
Bay of Bulls at 4 am made
sail Wind WSW
Bay of Bulls little a Stern at
11am got into
St. John's & came to anchor entered at
ye Custom House Saw
Mr. Ben Jenkinshis brothernot in Town.

Fryday July 17 1778-07-17

St. John's Newfoundland 1778

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Getting out balast & packing Fish fine Weather

Saturday July 18 1778-07-18

Got out all ye balast clean'd the Hold for taking in Got a Permit to load fine weather

Sunday July 19 1778-07-19

Fair weather & Hot

Sunday July 20 1778-07-20

Took in 32hogsheads Fish

Tuesday July 21 1778-07-21

Took in 9hogsheads Fish a rainy misty day

Wednesday July 22 1778-07-22

Fill'd 3 hogsheads Water took 24 hogsheads Fish some
part of ye day foggy & misting

Thursday July 23 1778-07-23

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Took in Fish 40hogshead

Fryday July 24 1778-07-24

Took in the whole of the Cargo & calked
down our hatches

Saturday July 25 1778-07-25

The Schooner ready for Sea

Admiral Montagu arrived in 5 weeks
Cork no material intelligence has yet transpired

Sunday 26 April 1778-07-26

In the afternoon sail'd from
St. John's
in Cowith a Letter marque Brigg of
12 guns & another Brigg

Monday July 27. 1778 1778-07-27

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Journal of Voyage in the Schooner Polly
St. John's Newfoundland to the
of St. Kitt's> July 1778

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Tuesday July 28. 1778 1778-07-28

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Wednesday July 29 1778-07-29

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Thursday July 30 1778-07-30

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Fryday July 31 1778-07-31

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Saturday Aug. 1. 1778 1778-08-01

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Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Sunday Aug. 2. 1778 1778-08-02

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

Monday Aug. 3. 1778 1778-08-03

at 9 Clock pm was taken by
the General Gates Privateer

Jno. Skimmer Commr16 guns after
a chase of about 6 hours when
it almost falling calm he by
help of oars came up with me


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The following appearances of Land were taken on board
ye Gen. Gates continental Brigg from the Fore Top
sail yard.

Sketch of land. See image.

Something like this appeared the land of
Cape Ann about 7
Leagues distance by estimation, bearing NW cloudy Sky
clear atmosphere about 4 o'Clock pm Aug.29 1778

Sketch of land. See image.

The appearance of ye same Land bearing NWy 6 leagues distance taken ye same afternoon
4vr4 to be joined together
observed this day in 42 degrees 38' N Lat.

Monday Aug. 31. 1778> 1778-08-31

Arrived in
That evening was put on board a guard Ship

Tuesday Septr 1 1778-09-01

was relieved from my disagreeablesituation on board yeGuard Ship by Humanity's own
self I am now at
Mr. White's have the Liberty
of his house & fieldwhich is no small Range as it contains about 20 acres of Ground

Tuesday Sept. 8 1778-09-08

After living a week very agreeably at my
White's I was this day suddenly ordered to
go immediately on board the Prison Ship

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This I owe to a littleness of mind in some person
Marblehead who wrote to ye Council to inform them that I was
such a inveterate Enemy to ye Country as that it would
be dangerous for me to be at Large Was on
board yePrison Ship 10 days no body allowed to see
me but by Special Licence from the Council
However I have Caulked ye malice of my Enemies
in spite of their ill nature I spent the time of my
confinement cheerfully & profitably For I have learned that a man may enjoy himself in prison I would not change
the reflections of my own mind on the matter for all
the pleasure they may have received from theirgratification of a mean Revenge Poor Miserably
Poor Devils They are even below contempt

Sunday Sept. 20. 1778-09-20

Sailed from King's Road in a Cartel
Wilson commrwith about 170 Prisoners

Tuesday Sep. 22 1778-09-22

in Lat 42 degrees 53' N

Wednesday. 23 1778-09-23

Lat 43 degrees 49' N

Thursday. 24. 1778-09-24

Lat 43 degrees 37' N at 6 o'Clock pm
Mount Dessert Rock bore SE about a league dist.
tacked & stood to ye Sd. at Night came on a hard Gale at SE before day
under our Courses Shipped several heavy Seas
which as our Scuttles & Hatches were open poured
a great deal of Water into ye Ship

Fryday 25 1778-09-25

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at 3 Clock Thick foggy weather made
Gannet Rocks & the
Tusket Islands close
a head of us Tack'd & Slood S by W till about 9 o'
Clock to clear away the
Seal Islands Then we haul'd
further up to ye Eward by degrees so passed the

next day Saturday ye 26 1778-09-26

shap'd our courses
along Shore about 4pm made ye land about ye

Ragged Islands

Sunday 27 1778-09-27

about 3 Clock pm came
to anchor in
Halifax Went on Shore & took lodgings at my old Quarters at
Miss Lyde's so
Ends my Second Captivity


Dec 6. 1778 1778-12-06

Sailed from
Halifax in ye Brig
Surinam on Wednesday following
we were overset in a violent gale of wind which
carried away foremast main topmast (our bon
sprit we lost a few minutes before) boats one
anchor 3 carraige Guns our quarter deck
Rails every sail that was bent Sprung
four beams & washed four people overboard
one of whom drowned we had such
a series of blowing weather as that it was 3
weeks before we got ouselves to rights
again one half of which time we were without
a compass one having been wash'd overboard

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the other so wetted as that it would not travers
for the time aforementioned five weeks
after this accident we got safe into
Eustatius where I have disposed of my Cargo at
a very good Price


Sunday Jany. 17. 1779-01-17

dined with
Mr. Durant a
French Gentleman the same thatbought my
Cargo he understands no English I cannot
speak French, nor understand it (but poorly) when
spoken so we converse by writing he is much surprised to see me write so good French
Two other French gentlemen dined with us
Their behavior was polite

Our diner was as follows
a dish of soup very good next the beef
that made it which would have been good
had ye soup been not so Then followed
Squab Pye in a fancifull shape pretty enough then a dish of very good musk melon followed or rather accompanied with
a fine large roasted Turkey & a roasted Fowle
but we ate ye melon first The Turkey &
Fowle both roasted withtheir heads on

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a dish of fritters with ye gizzards of the
Poultry in them roots & greens last of
all a dish of Sallad then almonds sweet
meats & cheese Then coffee which tho' it
appeared odd was agreable eno' no regular drinking after dinner as with yeEnglish but everyone did as he liked

An embargo upon all provisions which
are on shore The sudden appearance
of such a British Force in ye Seas has very
much disconcerted the French & ye American
party The repulse which
Monsieur D'Estaing has suffered from
Mr. Barrington has rendered
him much disesteemed by his Country=
=men It is indeed much to his dishonour
He was much superior in force to
Admiral Barrington

18 1779-01-18

a Fleet small vessels sail'd for the
Islands under Convoy of a Frigate

19 1779-01-19

This day took a Cooper's Shed of
Mr Hovey
at a Joe p month This evening began
to land Stuff for the Cooper on Monday
the 18th the Mate left the Ship

Wednesday Jan.y 20 1779-01-20

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Landed yesterday & today to ye Cooper 123
Sh k hogsheads & Seven Casks heading

Monday Jan.y 25. 1779-01-25

This day had the pleasure
to meet my old fellow prisoner G. W---e he is
NewYork by him I hear of the Welfare
of my nearest
New England Connexions
I am much pleased with ye complexion that
our publick affairs wear at present The
Insolence withwhich the Congress treated the King,
Commissioners was ye most imprudent
thing they could have done at that Time
It was then in their power to have obtaind
very good terms for America which They would
have deserv'd honour for But the real
Good of America was never the Object they
aimed at To aggrandize themselves was their
sole intent, no matter what Calamities befallstheir wretched country in Obtaining that
Glorious Object and the Happiness of
no Country was ever so wantonly sacrificed to
Ambition as that America has been

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Nor did ever any Country Sacrifice so much
Philadelphia has been left
to ye goverment of Congress which is about
9 months since sundry persons have been hanged
for their attachment to their Lawfull Prince
most, or all, People of respectable characters
I can't say that I am overmuch
grieved to hear that my near Kinsman
General J. W---n has fallen from that elevated
point of Esteem in which he stood some time ago
He would not turn out in the
Rhode Island
affair which has so entirely ruined his Reputation
with ye People that they have deprived him of
every trust they could take from him Of his representative Ship & his seat at ye board of War
He was unwise He knew not himself If he
had had the necessary home acquaintance He
would never have accepted a military
Command which possibly require him
sometimes to act in situations of Danger
Situations to which his modesty rendered
him very unfit Influenced by that He
chose rather to act out of Sight & in a way
where he culd not always be seen

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Jemmy! O
Jemmy! If what I hear be
true how art Thou fallen

Jan.y25 1779-01-25

Agreed with a Negro man
Castile to
tend upon ye Cooper @ 4 bitts p day.

Jan.y 29 Fryday 1779-01-29

last night sailed several
Virginians under convoy of the Dutch


3 1779-02-03

February. 1779

captain Mowat has this day agreed with a
Gordon to fit ye Brig with Spars & Carpenter's

5 1779-02-05

A Rebell privateer 14 Guns arrived in the
Road She has Sprung a leak

6 1779-02-06

The refitting the Brig is now began in good
Earnest This day did
Mr. Durant 16
hogsheadfish 5 pollock 11 cod 5 of the cod
& 1 hogsheadpollockdamaged Have agreed withMr.

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St. Eustatius February
Durant for the pollock @ 8 p p qll
the pollock is my hogsheadTake not much damaged

7th Sunday 1779-02-07

A very idle time nothing
to do but make observations. Among other things I
cannot but observe ye difference in the American Commerce to this Island now &
heretofore Formerly they came here
in vessels scarce any under 70 & 80 Tons
now they are all pilot boats & small
coasting Craft here are now about a
doz sail from
& one from
Providence They are all pilot
boats & one small thing about 25 tons
miserable Things to beat that Coast
this season of the year Poor People
to what wretchedness has their implicit
confidence in the congress brot them
Their Seamen's Wages from 50 to 60
dollars p mo. Their paper mony must
be much depreciated or their Trade very
profitable to give such wages

8 1779-02-08

St. EustatiusFebruary 1779

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Dld the Cooper 72 Shks 10 Casks heading
2 Casks heading loose & 70 heads & 12 heads,
a few days agone These & Those did ye 20th
last month make 195 Shks & 19 hogshead heads.

The French privateers have lately taken 3
American Vessels & made them prizes The
master of one of them a few days ago dining
at Graham's could not contain his indignation at ye treachery of their new allies but
gave it pretty free vent There happened
a French man at Table who undertook to
defend his Country men but was soon silenced & obliged by ye injured American to quit
ye table & eat his dinner at a side table by
himself after dinner the Americaninvited him if he had any resentment for the
treatment he had met with to give him any
satisfaction he chose The prudent soul

St. Eustatius February 1779

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choose to have no resentment at all

Fryday 12 1779-02-12

Reported that Manly in ye
Cumberland Ship an American Cruizer
of 20 Guns is taken by the Pomana Sloop
---. Last Evening several americans
sailed for
Virginia &
This afternoon saw an old Neighbour
a Marblehead man a
Jno. Tressry. He was taken
last Monday off
Saba in a small Schooner belonging to him &

Colo Orne
This accountof
New England is pityable
Poor People's how does ye ambition
of a Few keep them wretched & miserable
directly against their Opinions For
every account From that Country agrees in this
That People in General would be glad to
return to their allegiance

Saturday 13 1779-02-13

St. Bartholomew taken
by the Angillains
captain White sails
this Evening for
York by him have

St. EustatiusFebruary 1779

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wrote to
E Winslow.
B.M. Holmes Esq. &

Dr. Prince under cover to the last a letter

Monday 15 1779-02-15

Arrived a Letter marque Ship
Newfoundlandwith 300 hhds Fish she
took 2 french Sugar Ships in her passage
a French Victualler with 2700 blls. flour
carried into
St. Lucia

Fryday 26 1779-02-26

The C--- has been very idle
only 20 ---s sett up & he ashore ever since ye
20th ult. He promises to make up by
his future industry if so well if not well

St. Martin's &
St. Bartholomew's retaken


Monday 1 1779-03-01

March 1779

My Cargo has been all gone this
Fortnight I am now waiting for the repairing
of ye Brigg when that is accomplished
if I cannot get a Cargo to my mind in this

St. Eustatius March 1779

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place shall go to

Tuesday 2 1779-03-02

2 French Frigates & a 20 gun
Ship came into ye Road

Thursday 4 1779-03-04

about 20 saills of trading
Vessels sail'd for the
French Islands under
convoy of the above Ships of War

Fryday 5 1779-03-05

The anniversary of the bloody Massacre(or Masquerade as it is vulgarily called
in Kings Street
Boston This accident
has been made great use of to Influence the minds of
the Americans as a cruel wanton peice of butchery & yet none of the 5th of March Orators
ever pretended to question the impartiality of
the Court who aquitted the Party concerned in
it Both Judges & Jurors If my Memory
does not deceive me, one of the attornies for the
Soldiers, was a person who has since been a
Continental Congress man

Fryday 12 1779-03-12

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St. Eustatius March 1779

yesterday & the day before the
Wind at NW & N. It blew so hard yesterday
that several Vessels drove The Dutch Admiral was one an American Vessel
coming in was oversett by a sudden squall
the people saved a Rebell Privateer Brig
in the Road this morning saw a
Philadelphia Paper a few days ago
The arrival of 4 Vessels at
from the
West Indies is inserted as news
a Committee of Greivances advertise
their daily Setting in ye State house
Philadelphia to receive complaints
That of Monopoly seems to be ye reigning
one Tis so in all their Provinces
The Committee do not sett daily only Tuesdays
& Frydays from 9 o Clock That is notsufficient. The Assembly of
Pensylvania haveresolvedthemselves into a Committee to consider of
Greviances Likewise of which monopolozing

St. Eustatius March 1779

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& Forestalling form a considerable article
But it will require more wisdom than Solomon ever
had to find remedies for all the greifs & distresses of that unhappy Country Twill be
impossible to prevent engrossing when not
above one vessell in four goes safe

Saturday 13 1779-03-13

The Venus & Ariadne
have taken the Trumbal a rebell Frigate
of 22 Guns Ariadne went in chace
of her consort supposed to be the Dean
another of their Frigates of 22 or 28 Guns
Their Navy does not seem to be on a very
respectable Footing

Monday 15 1779-03-15

This morning 4 English Frigates pass'd ye
Road to the Northward

Wednesday 17 1779-03-15

Sloop sail'd for
wrote by her to
Mr. Holmes, to arrived a ship
& Brig from
Halifax who had been for
Surinam but fell to Leeward

Saturday 20 1779-03-20

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St. Eustatius March 1779

Embarked for
Sta. Cruz arrived
there next day at Noon This Island belongs
to ye
King of Denmark But 9/10 of the inhabitants are British & Dutch Subjects born
Strangers coming into this Island are inspected by the Officers of Goverm.t Like other
Goods I was obliged to go personally to
no less than 4 offices Custom House
Fort Town Major & The General's
at ye Fort. We went to three different offices I don't know their names
The English Language is universally
spoken here The very Slaves & children
know it The Danish is used in
ye Courts in the Custom House Papers
& in the Danish Church
Natural Danes coming hither find
themselves in a Strange Country tho in ye
Dominions of their prince All Religions

Sta. Cruz March 1779

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are tolerated here and besides the Danish Chh
There are The Chh of England a Presbyterian
congregation a Dutch Chh The Roman
Catholicks a Quaker meeting House & a
moravian Preacher This last is intended
principally if not totally for the Slaves
over whom he has great influence & whom
he keeps in very good order He is supported by Government Who to recompense these
Miserables for the loss of ye greatest earthly blessing very liberally allow them ye use of all ye
xtian Mysteries which I suppose ye pious Clergy
think a valuable consideration I saw
here a Cargo of those poor Creatures landed
out of a King's Ship (For it seems His Danish majesty is a Merchant as well as a King
drove like so many Cattle to a large yard
men & women boys & girls all together Each
as naked as God made them saving a peice
of course Linnen just to cover what Nature

Sta. CruzMarch 1779
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most commonly dictates human Creatures
to hide Each with a wooden tally tyed about
their necks with a mark &numberupon it
There seemed to be an anxiety in yecountenances of many whichtheirwonderment at ye new
& Strange objects which surrounded them could not
overcome Good God! What must be
the feelings of a sensible human Heart to be
thus torn from all that is reckoned valuable
& dear to be forever condemned to the mostservile drudgery & infamous uses without ye
least hope of relief and yet so powerfull is the Love
of Life Thatthis is all born with rather than
to put an end to our existence But how
insensible to all tenderness of Heart must those
be who engage inthis so injurious a Commerce
yet it would be ye highest degree ofuncharitableness to suppose all who are engaged in it
void of human Sentiment indeed we find
ye Contrary What is it then? Do such men
act without thinking? or has customreconciledtheir minds to ye doing such atrociousinjuries
Sta. CruzMarch 1779
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Perhaps there is something of both
in it. If the Misses B & L & S
& G with ye young gentlemen of yse families should be torn from their Country &
carryed into perpetual Servitude we should
see we should feel ye atrociousness yedreadfulness of the wrong But as it is only
miss yaw yaw & miss Pawpee & the
young Gentlemen Missrs. Quashee &Quomino whose skins are black whose Hair short
& curled whose noses flatt & Lips thick why we
think there can be no great harm in it
I fancy there is some mistake in ye very
Trite maxim That all men are by nature
equal If so why such an inequality in
their conditions Tis a phonomenon which
omnificence can only account for To Him
I leave it.

Christianstad ye metropolis of yeIsland
is a pretty Town about 2/3 as large as
Halifax &
like that laid out in a regular manner

Sta Cruz March 1779

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Streets crossing each other at right angles The
Streets wide many of the Houses in a
grand Style adorned with elegant Piazzas
& Galleries The General's House is ye
most magnificent Building I ever saw
There you see both Elegance & grandeur
I will not attempt a verbal description of it
for such never conveyed any idea of the looks
& appearance of an Edifice
if I can I will take a view of it
instead of a verbal description of this peice
of architecture I will give a description
of a Danish gentlemen's shirt which my
Landlady shewed me
It consists of a forepart like our shirtswith
a Collar the hind part reaches no lowerthan
just below ye Shoulders & least this should get
above ye Jacket or Coat (for it hangs
by the collar only not being sewed to ye forepart)
it is tyed round ye body by tape Strings fastened

Sta Cruz March 1779
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to ye two Corners ye Sleeves are not fastened to
ye body as with us but have wristbands at both
ends so that when one end is dirty you may shift
it end for end altho you may
not have have ye comfort you may ye appearance
of clean Linnen at least at ye Hands
over such Shirts is often worn richly laced
cloaths There is no People I believe on
Earth who need to fear undressing before company so little as the English
They make very good Sugar & rum inthis
Island you have an advantage in ye w.
Of about .5 lb. in ye English Qll a Joe is
here 12 .5 Cp 8/8 But you cannot take sugars
unless you bring a Cargo of Provisions &
Lumber then you may take one half
in Sugar But I have known the Law
evaded The Inhabitants of this Island are very
carefull to have their Slaves instructed in ye Xtian religion
for besides ye Moravian Preacher who is a kind ofmissionary for the Negroes The Clergymen of the other

Sta. Cruz March 1779
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religious Persuasions are carefull to catechise the Slaves
of those who belong to ye respective Chhs baptize them
& their children & administer the Sacramt to such as
desire it I am told ye French in
Martinique &

Quadualoup are likewise carefull of their Slaves in ye
same manner The Dutch & English as far as
I can find are equally neglectfull of their Slaves in ys
particular They let them get to Heaven as they can
The Dutch (especially those of
Eustatius) are the
most inexcusable of the Two because they are
religiously given themselves

Monday 29 1779-03-29

arrived back from my Voyage to

Sta. Cruz after a passage of something more
than 3 days In which met with no materialaccident save that we once had like to have
filled our vessell by the carelessness of ye
master in leaving his hatches open & the
inertness of his crew (all Negroes) who were
as deliberate in handing for a Squall
as tho no such Thing had happened we
likewise sprang our mast off
Saba for ye

St. Eustatius March 1779

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same reasons

Tuesday 30 1779-03-30

Today met
captain Jos Northy of

he has been taken bound from
Guadualoup home
carried to
Antegua ynce he got to this place is now
going back to
Guadualoup to get if possible a passage
home His Captors have used him rather severely
have taken all his private property from him & left
him quite bare of anything to help himself
Poor man! I once knew him in good circumstances
but ye Fortune of war has reduced him to distress
as it has many other honest men who tho heartily
averte to ye present System of American Politicks are
ye t forced to submit to a power they cannot Oppose
I find ye Opinions of all Honest, industrious, Men &
such as have no hopes nor desire of getting anything by this political Scramble to be
much ye same They in general condem their
high mightiness the C--- This afternoon
met three young fellows children of my former
Neighbours who had been taken & are now in
ys (to them) Strange Country Friendless & monyless
These are the people who suffer The vile
authors of this unhappy War have taken

St. Eustatius March 1779

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care of themselves They are exposed to neither
dangers nor hardships


Fryday 2d 1779-04-02

April 1779

Have only 4 men at present
before ye mast Two young fellows who have
been on board some days left the Brig this
morning I don't much wonder

This is Good Fryday & the Passover of the Jews
The Christians are fasting or pretending to
do so The Jews are really feasting &
making merry both of them fromreligious motives That Ceremony which isperformedwith ye most Sincerity is doubtless to Heaven
the most acceptable is an Opinion ye
most obviously true of any in ye World and if
we can suppose The Great First Cause can be affect
=ed with pleasure or displeasure at any thing which

St. EustatiusApril 1779

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we little Insignificants do we must surely think that
He whose heart is expanded with Cheerfulness
Candour & Benevolence & under the influence of
those dispositions perform his religiousceremonies is a much more acceptable worshiper Than He who with a long face performs
duties which he is glad when they are over

The French Fleet from
Guadualoup has been
expected this 10 days They are not yet arrived
a few single Vessels attempting to get down
have been taken The trade of this place
is at present at a low ebb

Saturday 3 1779-04-03

The two Lads have returned to ye
Ship It seems they were ashore keeping Holy
day only one of them is for his victuals only

Sunday April 3 1779-04-03

Had an old acquaintance
to see me my townsman
Ash---y B--- n
He gives me some curious anecdotes

St. EustatiusApril 1779

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relating to ye politicks in
among which Their method of determining
who were Tories is ye most curious & unheard
of a Town meeting it seems
was convened a list of all the male inhabitants was laid before the Town The question
was put is S a Tory if He is, signify it by
holding up of hands in this manner
They determined upon about 30 perons that
they were Tories This is being tryed by
one's Peers with a Vengence
Tis however fixing a man's Character
He can at any time, should anydispute arise abut it, produce authentic
testimony what it is fine
Glorious Constitution!

Monday April 4 1779-04-04

The mate & 3 hands only at
work today We have only 4 Seamen belonging to us

Tuesday 5 1779-04-05

St. Eustatius April 1779

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We have only 3 hands before the mast
The heavy young fellows who have been at work these
few days past are only for their victuals They
are not Skipped This day began to purchase Sugars

The French have have played a fine Strategem
to get down their fleet from
Martinique; which
arrived here yesterday consisting of about
30 sails under convoy of two Frigates

'Twas thus Last Saturday 5 FrenchFrigates appeared of
St. Kitts in a way of challenge
5 English Frigates immediately put out
after them The French went thro ye Channel
to windward of this place The English after
them & chased them all that day & y e next withoutbeing able to come up withthem as they had much
the Start In ye mean time the fleet above
mentioned sailed from Martinique & arrived
here safe all but one who was taken off
Kitts They have now to get back again

Wednesday 6 1779-04-06

St. Eustatius April 1779

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a Fleet of about 30 sail arrived
this morning from
Winward among whom
are Several Americans under convoy 5Frigates These 5 & ye 2 which came with the
former fleet make 7 sail They all left this
place this morning
captain Mowat is
hogging his Ship today

Saturday 9th 1779-04-09

The French Fleet of about 40 sail
under convoy 7 Frigates sailed for

Sunday 10 1779-04-10

Have only 3 men before ye mast
one whom
captain Mowat shipped a few days
ago has not yet been aboard This fore
noon 4 Large Ships appeared to ye Southwd.
They tacked & were soon out of sight
They are supposed to be French

a Good Constitution is the best Inheritance
a Good Conscience the best Friend & Good
Humour the best Companion He who
has all three cannot be unhappy

Fryday 16 1779-04-16

St. Eustatius April 1779

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The Ships Comp. Working about
Rigging all this day a Carpenter caulking
the wales Have 84 hogshead & blls sugar on board
Have only 5 hands before ye mast

Saturday 17 1779-04-17

The People this day fixing & sewing
Rigging particularly Topsail Sheets fore & aft
a Carpenter at work caulking Wales, sides & Counter
is not yet done

Sunday 18 1779-04-18

I observe at the change of the
Moon & some days after we have constantly in this Road a large
Swell & a Strong current to ye Westward
this evening wrote to
W Coffin jun.

Wednesday 21 1779-04-21

This day a Top Gallant mast came aboard
Carpenter at Work about sundries Crew ab.t
Finishing ye Rigging have about 7
hogshead Sugar more to get off which the high Swell has
prevented being done these Several days past

Thursday 22 1779-04-22

today the Cooper finished cooper
the water Cask not the Ships Cooper for he
has done no work since we've been here
excepting setting up 18 molasses casks most

St. EustatiusApril 1779

Page Image

of them Teines but a Cooper belonging
to yeArgyle
captain Robinson Seamen
about finishing rigging the Ship
a French 2 decker & 3 Frigates
came into ye Road today with 7 sail
Droagen from Windward
on Tuesday two sail British men of
War & two frigates past ye Road to ye Nd.
They spoke a brig coming round ye North
end of yeIsland tis said ashore she is a prize
to them

Fryday 23 1779-04-23

Today a fleet of 20 sail
sailed for
Windward under convoy the
French Man of War 3 Frigates & a Sloop
Privateer They were in sight at dark
People fixing & serving ye Foresheets

Saturday 24 1779-04-24

I observed a leak in ye main
deck just forward ye rise of ye Quarter deck
on ye Starboard side I acquainted
captain Mowat

St. Eustatius April 1779

Page Image

of it Carpenter on board all day about

Sunday 25 1779-04-25

About a doz Vessells fromWinward French & Dutch about two hours ago
5 French Line of Battle Ships appeared to
ye S.ward They are now lying to in a Line a little
without the Shipping a small schooner
withthem This manovre causes many
speculations on board ye Ajax about 4
o Clock pm they were joined by a frigate They
are now (Sunsett) all standing to ye S.ward
under an easy sail

Monday 26 1779-04-26

The French Ships have been
in sight all day laying off & on
Their design, it is said, from Persons from
Martinique was to [] the four Ships who were
sent with ye Trade as
Count D'Estaing had
been informed that some large English Ships
had been sent this way They have
it ashore that
Admiral Biron is dead
that his Cook poisoned him (Statia News )
for which it has been added he is to have a pension.


St. EustatiusApril 1779

Page Image

The goodly Chh by Heaven design'd
To help the weak to lead the blind
To check the rash to warm ye cold
To engage the young to amuse ye old
The unthinking from ymselves to save
And bring all kindly to the Grave


Wednesday 28th 1779-04-28

Have got ye last of
the Cargo on board this day
The People in trade, here, are many of
them deeply in with ye Americans That
makes ye American mad it is their interest that ye Americans should succeed &
be independent; that they may be able to
pay their debts They have therefore persuaded themselves that it will be so The same
reason makes them believe the mostimprobablewhich are favorable to ye American
Cause it has been, & it is now, rumoured
Page missing in original



Saint EustatiusMay 1779

Page Image

yet He has been writing constantly day & night
for this week past

The Stupidity & inattention of mankind is amazing I wanted to know
ye method to be observed in clearing the Brig
out I applyed to P--- L--- who had been a ship
master to this port many voyages & a merchant
Here many years He gave me such directions
as could not be followed they were contrary
to ye settled rules in the offices I asked another of my acquaintance here He gave me
a very confused account of what I was to do
mad at their wrongheadedness I determined
to follow ye direction of my own understanding & observing Candour & Goodness mark
=ed in ye features of ye Weigh master's countenance
Mr Le Fevre I asked him
what was the Line to be Observed in clearing
out my Vessell for being a Stranger I did not
know would he please to tell me O yes
Sir you must come to me 'Tis eno.

Saint Eustatius May. 1779

Page Image

when I come to you you will then give me
ye necessary directions
I waited upon him, gave him a manifest of my cargo Specifying the numberof casks
& how many of each sort whether hhds teines
or Blls He cast up the duties of 70 hhds
2 teines & 28 blls Sugars & 1250 W Cocoa
at 217 P 8/8 He then sent me up stairs
over the Scale Room where I
received a permit to sail for which I gave 4 [rs.]
on ye same permit the Weighmaster wrote a
rect for the duties I paid He sent me to the
Governour He gave me ye Six of Clubbs with
a Seal no 48 & a hard dutch word on the
Back & sent me to ye Fiscal He gave me
ye Six of Diamonds for which I gave him 4 [ rs.]
There was a seal on ye back He sent me
to ye Fort where I paid the duties on ye Cargo
imported at ye rate of 1/2 [rl:] p quin. on fish &
1 [rl.] p bll for mackarell together with powder

Saint EustatiusMay 1779
Page Image

mony & Anchorage That finished the business
I only retain the Governor's Card which is a pass
to the Commodore.

Fryday Evening Purchased 1497 lb Sugar
this afternoon & got it on board I should
have laid this mony out ten days ago but
from the Intelligence I got I thot I should
want it for duties

Saturday May 8th 1770-05-08

Mr. Walker &
Mowat very busy all day & have been so this
week past settling their affairs on shore If
we had not waited for convoy I doubt whether
They would have been ready till now or not
They have had a deal of writing to do &
even now & tis most nights they do not seem
to have done

From good Authority the French Fleet under

Count D'Estaing is in a wretched condition

Most of his Ships from storms
& other blows hardly fit to go home 3000 men
ashore in ye hospitals in
Port Royal
& a great number more at
St. Pierre's

Monday ye 10th 1779-05-10

Saint EustatiusMay 1779

Page Image

at 9pm weighed & came
to sail with a fleet 15 sail dutch Ships & brigs under
convoy of a dutch Man of War of 54 guns
Remeswaer Comm.r who has promised us
protection so long as we keep with him
at ab.t 8am. abreast of
St. Martin's the
Fleet all a Stern except ye Commodore

Tuesday 11th 1779-05-11

@ 2pm
Anguilla bore
SEbE 21miles distant being in Lat.
18.17. N. Long 62.13' W from whence We take our
departure for
Sambro Island at ye Entrance
Halifax being in Lat. 44.32' N. Long.
63.20' ...

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

2 Wednesday May 12 1779-05-12

At Sea - 1779

Page Image

Nautical chart. See image.

Nothing Remarkable ys 24 hours
Fair weather except now & then
a rain Squall Fleet all together

3 Thursday May 13 1779-05-13

Nautical chart. See image.

Nothing Remarkable ys 24 hours Weather to bepleasant The fleet together

4 Fryday the 14th May 1779-05-14

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical notes. See image.

Fine pleasant weather
This day at noon parted
from our convoy They
holding their Course too much
Ely for us

5 Saturday 15 May 1779-05-15

Nautical notes. See image.

Fine pleasant weather for
the last 24 hours 7mdash; & fair wind
Two very great Blessings to

6 Sunday May 16th 1779-05-16

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Weather continues very
pleasant wind fair
but small

Nautical notes. See image.

7 Monday 17 1779-05-17

Wind came in at a squall
at abt. NNE blows fresh
looks likely to continue
so handed all
our small sails M T sail
sing. reef'd F sail dbl reef'd

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

8 Tuesday May 18th 1779-05-18

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

This 24 hours
a fresh gale at NE under
Reef'd Tp sails a large
head Sea fore part cloudy
latter part fair wind
more moderate Sea
smoother 7mdash;

9 Wednesday May 19 1779-05-19

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

these 24 hours weather pleasant
wind NE to N a large swell
from ye Nthward

10 Thursday May 20th 1779-05-20

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours the wind, still
hanging at N & NbE tis
now 3 days since ye wind has
blown from ye quarter tis teazing almost beyond
Patience However tis now almost calm & showery
we hope a shift of Wind God send it

11 Fryday May 21 1779-05-21

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

at 4pm tack'd to ye Eward at 8
pm tack'd again laid up NW at 12 at night the wind
veered more in our favour so that ye latter part of this
24 hours we have made a NbW Course Weather
pleasant the Wind favorable & promises to be more
so which makes us very good natured & cheerfull

12 Saturday May 22 1779-05-22

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours pleasant
moderate weather small
Breezes at NE & ENE till
about 10am when it hasveered a little to ye Eward we
have now our Royals set
our course NbE with a plain

13 Sunday May 23 1779-05-23

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours pleasant moderate weather
small Winds at abt E by S

14 Monday May 24 1779-05-24

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical notes. See image.

These 24 hours very
small Winds from
about E to ENE fair
Picked up a bag of
Cork chips with a few
shot holes in it This
causes various speculations among the Ship'scompany It has alarmed all their fears for they are very
sure it has not been in ye water a day Tho fromappearances it may have been there a week One
remembers that he thot he had heard guns last Night

15 Tuesday May 25 1779-05-25

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours very pleasant
weather with little or no
wind it having been
calm the greater part
of ye Time

16 Wednesday May 26 1779-05-26

At Sea 1779

Page Image

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours fine
pleasant weather
but almost a perfect calm what
little wind we've had
has been to ye Eward we have at times gone
from 1 to 1 1/2 Knot a NbE course From our
having made so little x Lat. I judge we are in
the Eddy of the Gulph Stream & that we have
made westing more than is allowed in the above Reckoning

17 Thursday May 27 1779-05-27

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours some
very small breeze, at
times but for the most
part a Flat Calm which
is very tedious & irksome
altho ye Weather is exceedingly pleasant

18 Fryday May 28 1779-05-28

At Sea 1779

Page Image

This 24 hours began with
a small breeze at about N b E it has increased & veered in our
favour so that now at about half after 2pm it is
about NNW and we are no longer in the disagreeable Situation of Standing Stock Still in the middle of the World with no more ability of moving than if
we were bound with 10,000 Chains & Ropes Godcontinue it & make it more favorable & send us once
more safe to dear H---x Weather very fine &pleasant Lat. Ob. 35.14' The latter
part of this 24 hour a Steady breeze abt. NWbN we have
a strong Currt to ye N some
part ys 24 hours as our
x Lat. Ob. Exceeds ys by dk
23 miles

Nautical notes. See image.

19 Saturday May 29 1779-05-29

lat ob 3556'N

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

This 24 hours weather very fine very little Winds
The latter part Wind SWly a small breeze whichpromises to stand & increase Caught 3 fish a Skip Jack a
Dolphin & a Shark a Curr.t has set us 15 miles Nly

20 Sunday May 30 1779-05-30

At Sea 1779

Page Image

This 24 hours begins with
a small breeze at abt WSW we have more wind than
for a Week past Lat. Ob. 3733'N W.Vr. 1/2 pt.

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours ends with
very pleasant weather &
a fine brisk gale at abt
SW we have now all
sails sett & going at a fine
rate Our Sensations
are very different from what
they have been for these 10 days or a fortnight past all
which time we have been crawling along at a very
slow rate with small winds & those rather scant
than otherways We are now swiftly flying on the wing
of a fair Propitious Gale just the Course we
wish to Steer We have now no murmurings
at Heaven's dispensation of Winds before
we could not help thinking that so much Calm
so many Contrary Winds was rather hard
Resignation to ye Will of Heaven is a very
easy duty when our Inclinations are gratifyed
Last night at midnight a total Eclipse of
the moon The sight was rather dismal
At Sea 1779

Page Image

than other ways & Tho I have no
superstitious fears on such Occassions yet I
could not avoid having a very disagreable Feeling
I believe it is natural Our Seamen, tho they
did not openly acknowledge it yet, I could easily
percieve by their enquiries, & observations, were
made rather uneasy by the appearance

21 Monday May 31 1779-05-31

Nautical notes. See image.

This 24 hours a fine Gale
at W & WSW which still
continues fair weather
smooth Sea All Sails sett


22 Tuesday June 1 1779-06-01

Nautical notes. See image.

a fine breeze this 24 hrs.
from SW to S latter
part foggy
Vr Wly 1 point

Wednesday June 2 1779-06-02

At Sea 1779

Page Image

at 8pm hove too &
sounded. 65 fathom rocky bottom By
our Run since 12 oClock we are in 434'N
having made since that time a N. Course
This 24 hours began with Foggy cloudy
weather it still continues cloudy
at 12 at Night sounded 65 fathom black sand &
small black Stones our Course since 8pm has been
NbE which allowing 1 1/4 p. Vr. W makes N 1/4 we
have run 22 miles our reckoning now Stands
thus 4326'N Lat

6247'W Long. We judge that we are
on the West part of
I Sable ground at 12 we
shaped our Course NbW the Vr. Is now by
estimation 1 1/2 Wly Weather cloudy & small
rain at times at 4am sounded 35 fathom
rocky bottom Our course from 12 to 4 NbW which
allowing 1 1/2 pt. Vr. NNW .5 W the distance run
26 miles at 8am sounded 45 fathom blk. Sand
& stones Course from 4 to 8 NNW1/2 W true dist 12 miles our course now NWbN Just now we
see the land
The Ragged Islands
The soundings we first had were not on
At Sea 1779

Page Image

I Sable as we imagined but ye Eastern part of
Brown's the last on
Port a Bear Bank
This 24 hours Foggy misty & sometimes rain.
At 11am made sail course along Shore towds.

Thursday June 3 1779-06-03

This 24 hours begins
with foggy weather at about 10 am we made
the Land from the Mast head over the
Mahon bay We are now Steering for
Sambro Light this 24 hours ends with
pleasant fair weather small breeze at WSW

Fryday June 4. 1779-06-04

at about 4 pm we
got up with Sambro Light were brot too by
theBlond Frigate she detained us an hour or
more calm all night the Light bearing
SWly towards Sunrise a small breeze sprang
up to ye Eward which brot us up to Town about
10 oClock am all well & safe Thanks to that
Kind Providence which has preserv'd us thro
a voiage attended with many dangers & much
distress But it has ended happily &prosperously

Saturday June 5 1779-06-05

Halifax 1779

Page Image

Took lodgings at
Lyde's at 30/ p week. Have the happiness to find all my Freinds in pretty
good health

Wednesday 9th 1779-06-09

Dined yesterday at the Eastern
Barracks lodg'd there & am just returned

Monday June 14 1779-06-14

This day a Rebell Privateer
Brig followed a Brig almost as far in as
head & took her The Howe & two other armed
Vessells came to sail & turned out The prize being
a heavy Sailor ye wind blowing almost right in,
The Privateer thot best to quit her & got off by
going out thro ye Ledges the crew of an arm'd
shallop taken in the
Bay of Funday by
Campbell were brot to Town this forenoon
it consisted of 10 men only

Wednesday 16 1779-06-16

Put a bll Spruce on board
Nat. Atkins for
St. Eustatius. To him
& my Friend L-gh-m I wrote of this same Opp.y

Halifax 1779

Page Image

I have desired
Pero to send ye produce, of some
Fish, & empty Molasses hogsheadwhich I left with him
to sell in
captain Atkins to invest it in Cocoa
should any come it belongs to
Mr. Holmes it is
not mine

Fryday June 18 1779-06-18

a Duel was fought today between
Cap. Buskirk of the Orange Rangers & a
Crawford an Apothecary's mate of the Garrison
in which the latter was killed on ye Spot

Sunday 20 1779-06-20

a large Transport with Troops Stores
Clothes & carrying about 20 guns with sundry smaller
Vessells sail'd for

Thursday 24 1779-06-24

Several Vessells sail'd for the
Funday A few Days ago
Parson Bailey
with his Family came in to this place from ye
Eastern part of
New England He and his Family were
almost naked being reduced to mere wretchedness for want of Cloathing & had suffered every
hardship for want of the necessary articles of
food they had seen no bread of any kind for
3 weeks before they left home By him we


Page Image

an acco that a reinforcem.t Had come out to
Clinton that was ye Report in
New England
Fortunately for him the Assembly of thisProvince were sitting when he arrived they
voted him 50 out of the Publick Treasury &
the Commr of the Troops has ordered himRations for himself & Family

Monday 28 1779-06-28

Several arrivals a ship & Brig from

Ireland, a Schooner from
Fyal a ship & Brig
St. John's Island & much good news by
way of
Annapolis how true time willdiscover Time says tis most of it a Lye


Fryday July 2 1779-07-02

some hard Thunder this morning
the hardest I ever heard in this Country

Monday July 5 1779-07-05

Arrived the Blond & the
Arburthnot Schooner from
Penobscot where

Gen Mc Lean has taken post
We have been made very uneasy today by a rumor that
Gen Provost had met with a defeat
CharlestonSouth Carolina the account is in a Rebell
Paper contained in a letter from
PhiladelphiaJune 10
but it wants support to make it credible at

Tuesday July 13 1779-07-13


Page Image

Sunday last arrived a Ship from

Newry a brig from
St. Vincent's Intelligence
by the ship is that
Admiral Arbuthnot had sail'd for

NewYorkwith a fleet of 200 sail all kinds That
the French Fleet in ye
West Indies remained blocked
up in
Martinique This day the Blond
sail'd for
NewYork on Sunday The Falcon went
out to look after some Rebell Privateers which had
appeared off the mouth of the Harbour which is
a very common thing for them to do

Sunday 19 1779-07-19

Two ships theAdamant & St. Lawrance
London arrived on Fryday
Parson Weeks
is one of them

Saturday 30 1779-07-30

Arrived a Schooner from
some other Vessells which are bound for
St. John's &
Quebec also a Schooner from
Penobscot State of
our Military matters stands thus
General Prevost at ye Southward laying by till (as 'tis said) ye
hot weather is over at
York. They have burned
several Towns in
Connecticut laying on ye Sound
in ye Neibourhood of
NewYork as far as
which hardly suffered
Fort Defiance has been taken


Page Image

& retaken again with ye Loss of one regiment cut
to peices & two companies besides it was retaken by surprise to ye Northward
Mc Lean is attacked in his post at
Penobscot He can have no releif from this till
ye Reinforcement arrives from
whether He can support himself till that comes
Little people cannot tell However They
are now some ships in sight which we hope
are that Fleet The state of People's mind's
inthis place is disagreable eno tis a state of uncertainty & suspense which is constantly
kept up by ten thousand different Reports,
so many of which prove false that am impartialobserver would be inclined to think that
there was an actual combination to impose upon
& deceive each other


Tuesday August 3 1779-08-03

This day rec.d an account of my friend
BMH for p [] Insure amo to upwards of 100
Curr.y There are some odd Circumstances attending
this matter yeaccount is dated 15 Dec 1778 I did
not engage in ye voyage in yeAjax till about ye

Halifax 1779

Page Image

10th or 12th November 1778 I did not mention
to him my desire of his having any Insurance
done for me till a few days before our sailing
which was ye 6th December How is it possible
his orders could have been complied with so soon
as ye 15 decembr following Besides tis not
a week since that he told me he had as yet no
acc.ots of that matter It has a mighty
odd appearance at present Tis all
solved to my satisfaction since

Thursday 5 1779-08-05

Three Briggs & a Snow arrived one of
ye Briggs 47 days from
London Two grand
Fleets out British & French so that we expect
some mighty Events

August 16 1779-08-16

Last night & this morning TheRobustwith
ye fleet under her convoy arrived here after a long-looking
for on Wednesday arrived the LeCorne a

Fryday 20 1779-08-20

arrived a Rebell
Privateer taken in
Boston Bay The accounts
She brings has greatly releived the anxiety of people here for
Gen.l Mc Lean 10 days ago she

Halifax 1779

Page Image

parted with yeRaisonable & Seven Frigates bound
Penobscot This account has taken a great
weight from the minds of all who were well
wishers to Goverment ( to use ye currt. Term)

Monday August 23

Last evening sail'd theRobust a 74 the LeCorne & Falcon Frigates
the Adamant &St. Lawrence armed Ships a brig
& ship Store Ships & an armed Schooner with some
detachments from the Garrison here to yeassistance of
Genl Mc Lean Entertained 10th.
A Rumor of 60 sail of French & Spanish men of
War & Transports with 5 or 6,000 Troops being at


Monday 30 1779-08-30

The Fleet under theRobust returning
They met with a Gale of wind in the bay ofFundaywhich did some damage to the Robust& the
LeCorn so that they have thot proper to return in order
to refit Tis feared that ye Falcon is Lost Tis remarkable the merchant ships in the fleet have recd no damage at all

Tuesday 31 1779-08-31

Halifax 1779

Page Image

Yesterday we were chargrined with ye return
of the Fleet destined to releive
Genl Mc Lean today
we are cheer'd up with an account from that quarter
Sir Geo Collier had arrived, had sunk & taken
a Nr of their Rebell Ships of War & Transports
& drove ye rest up the River That the Rebells
still continued the Seige


Tuesday afternoon 1779-09-01

The Nautilus from
Penobscot has made yeaccount of affairs there certain beyond all
doubt The whole Rebell fleet are taken &
destroyed not a boat has escaped. Their land forces are
routed & dispersed Their artillery & camp equipage all left behind they have now to get
home as well as they can afoot thro ye woods
The behavior of the Rebells was shamefully
cowardly on ye appearance of 3 Frigates only, their
ships immediately betook themselves to flight up
the river Two were taken without any resistance a list of their Ships taken & destroyed

Halifax 1779

Page Image

as follows. viz.
Nr Shot
NamesNr Gun1812964 Commr Names

20 12 taken

20 20 taken

321214 6 burnt

24 222do

18 18 do

20 20 do

Black Prince
18 do

Sky Rockett
16 16do

Charming Sally
20 xx do

20 20 do

16 16 do

14 xxdo

16 4do

18 x xdo
Jn Foster Williams

16 16 do

16 16do

Providence Sloop
12 12do

a Schooner
8 8do

18 vessels 324 Guns
& 24 Transports.

Their loss about 200 killed Nr wounded uncertain

Fryday Sept 10 1779-09-10

Halifax 1779

Page Image

Embarked in the ShipKepple for

Newfoundland Saturday sail'd ran upon Thrum
Cap Shoal got off & returned to Town so here I am
again a Cartel arrived from
Bostonwith ab.t
300 Prisoners

Tuesday 14th 1779-09-14

Arrived the Defiance a 64 Gun Ship
Quebec 2 ships from
Limerick no news
By accounts >From
Boston by the Cartel
Their chief attention in that Country at
present is to support the credit of their paper mony
which notwithstanding all their efforts hasdepreciated below whatever any paper currency ever
did before That & the Scarcity of European
goods has raised every article of that kind to
an enormous price The defeat at
Penobscot has chagrined them exceedingly Thedestruction of so many ships of Force is a very
deeply felt Loss it cannot be soon retreived if
ever They have a curious Paragraph in
one of their Papers on the subject They say That
the Publick may be assured That only two Ships

Halifax 1779

Page Image

"have fallen into the Enemy's hands That
Admiral Saltonstal had taken effectual care
"to prevent their taking any more
The means he took were effectual indeed
for he burnt them all This is a most
curious way of deceiving the Publick Tho the
truth is told tis reported in town that
they design another attack

Thursday ye 16 1779-09-16

about 12 oClock at noon a small
american Schooner Privateer took a large Brigg
about 4 miles below
Mauger's beach in sight of
the whole Town for everybody was looking at her
among the rest The Capt.s of 3 men of War were
looking through their glasses & seeing ye American carry

off his prize unmolested at last ye Commodore
ye renowned captain I of the D---f---e ordered out
some armed boats but not without evidently
showing that he knew not what method to take
the sound of armed boats which was murmuring
from everyone's mouth at last penetrated his
wooden head & they were sent out more than 2
hours later than they might have been

Halifax 1779

Page Image

Tis amazing Strange! That not withstanding
the repeated Insults of this kind no effectual
method is taken to prevent it when 'tis beyond all dispute that one Frigate & two
Schooners or Sloops that were good sailors would be fully sufficient Thecomplaint is for want of men for the small vessels Why in the name of Common Sense
may they not be manned by detachments from
the large ships when they are here
The naval Commanders on this Station in
general seem to be the most brainless sett
of Animals existing What a Stupid peice of
Conduct was C---y guilty of who commanded
ye fleet which went with releif for
Genl McLean
when it was known that ye General's situation
was exceedingly dangerous to return to
with his whole fleet because he carried away
his main & mizen Topmasts & had hurt his
main Top & this when not more than 30 leagues
Penobscot & a fair wind
Stupid very Stupid fellows!


Page Image

The administration of Goverment in this place
is curious 'tis beyond ye comprehension of common Sense at the same time that American Privateers are taking vessells within ye
Light house there are Ships of War & lightarmed Vessells lying as quietly in the harbour as
tho it was ye profoundest peace There is not
even an attempt made to keep the coast clear
but if any one animadverts
freely on such Stupid conduct they are very
active to brand him with ye name of disaffected& Rebell a few days ago there was
a very extraordinary Stretch of power exercises
on a
captain Cassell who was taken in a Brig ab.t
3 weeks ago after he was within the Light &
for which I hope the Actors will pay severely
he had spoke his mind pretty freely on
ye neglect there was about keeping the coast
clear & probably reflected personally on some


Page Image

of our people in Power I am told he threatened to
make representations when he should get home
Well The evening before the Robust sail'd
Yorkwhichwas on Thursday ye 30 Sept. 3 days ago
The Governor sent to his lodgings & desired
him to come to him immediately that he
wanted to speak with him
Cassellsuspecting nothing went as soon as he
came into the House He was seiz'd upon by
a party of the Robust's crew & carried on
board their Ship next day the Governour
sent an order to his lodgings for his Chest &
beding which was sent on board ship to him
& he is carried away to

Another curious Anecdote some time ago
arrived here a Mr. H---sl---p from
England formerly
a merchant in
Boston He proposed to going to

New England where he has a family & an Estate


Page Image

but intended to go with ye consent of Authority
he is a man in years near 70 or upwards one
of no force a mere mony getting Genius only
after being about Town for some time He
was taken up & is now confined to
a private House from whence he cannot go
but in company with ye Sheriff or his deputy
& all this as Report has it for saying in
company one day That the Lord had left

England & gone over to ye Americans at
ye same time they exchange Prisoners That are
capable of being real mischeif-doing Enemies
the minute they get home & yet detain a
meer doating old man for saying a very
Stupid thing Upon such ideas do the people who have ye Power in this Place


Sunday Octo 3 1779-10-03


Page Image

a Cartel from
3 days ago by whom I rec'd Letters from my
Friends at
Plymouth They are all well
She sail'd this day from Town by her I wrote
to both my Sisters

Sunday Oct.o 24. 1779 1779-10-24

Am embarked on board
the Keppel
Henry Goochcomm.r of 20 guns &
bound for
Newfoundland God send us
safe & return me in health with Prosperity
I wish it more for your sake my dear
Eliza than
my Own Would to Heaven 'twere in my power
to promote your happiness as much as it is in my
heart to wish it

Monday ye 25 1779-10-25

Doctr. P--- came on board to see the
Ship stayed about 2 hours aftter noon weigh'd &
drop'd down to
Maugers beach & anchored again

Tuesday 26 1779-10-26

Halifax 1779

Page Image

About noon weigh'd anchor & put to Sea
TheDunmore Adventure & another Ship all for
London just ahead of us This morning
Dr. Prince's
Schooner Patty arrived from
St Kitts 25 days no news

Wednesday 27 1779-10-27

At Sea

nothing remarkable
after a passage of nine days attended with hard gales
of Wind we arrived safe at
St. John's Newfoundland
>From the present appearance of things in this place
I have a prospect of making a very successfull adventure God send it


Saturday Nov.6 1779-11-06

St. John's Newfoundland1779

The Fleet to
are now getting under way 80 sail They are
all out with a fine SW. Wind Wind SW &

Sunday 7th 1779-11-07

nothing remarkable Wind
Rainy dined at
Mr. Jenkin's.

Monday 8 1779-11-08

St. Johns1779

Page Image

Wind rainy Wrote to

Ferryland about his note dined with

Tuesday 9 1779-11-09

Wind. small rain at times dined
Mr. Prym's

Wednesday 10 1779-11-10

Wind. fair Company
aboard to dine went ashore at dark very decent
no excess

Thursday 11 1779-11-11

Wind moderate cloudy with
small rain at times a Vessell in 11 days from

York aboard all day

Fryday 12 1779-11-12

Wind fair

Saturday 13 1779-11-13

Wind fair Company on board
to dine some very excentric

Sunday 14 1779-11-14

Wind rainy, foggy dined at
Jenkin's drank tea at
Mr. Gardiner's

Monday 15 1779-11-15

Wind W to SW blew fresh cloudy coast
part rainy arrived a brig from
Oporto Ships from

NewYork sail'd a Schooner for

Tuesday 16 1779-11-16

a small air to ye W cloudy & towards
night rain Began to take Cargo aboard today

Wednesday 17 1779-11-17

St. John's Newfoundland1779

Page Image

Cloudy moderate Wind

Thursday 18 1779-11-18

Cloudy wet Wind

Fryday 19 1779-11-19

Cloudy & wet. Wind Sly to SWly

Saturday 20 1779-11-20

Cloudy. Wind dined ashore
Mr. Neive

Sunday 21 1779-11-21

Wet & foggy Wind Ely aboard all day

Monday 22 1779-11-22

most excusable weather foggy & dark
tis eno' to make any one who is idle exceedingly melancholly a Vessell arrived last night
England with bread a very agreable
& welcom Ship to this wretched Starving Place

Tuesday 23 1779-11-23

Still most infamous wet rainy misty
dark & disagreable weather Company to dine on
board today Wind Ely.

Wednesday 24 1779-11-24

Foggy rainy very disagreable
weather all day towards sunsett ye Fog
clear'd off & we have some prospect of a fair day
tomorrow as the wind has shifted round to the

Thursday 25 1779-11-25

Fair Wind Wly the Admiral
& a brig sail'd for ye
West Indies

Fryday 26 1779-11-26

Fair weather cool Wind Wly

Nov. Saturday 27 1779-11-27

Saint John's Newfoundland1779

Page Image

Cloudy toward night []
arrived the Garland Ship of War with several
ships from
England 2 brigs from
New York

Sunday 28 1779-11-28

Cloudy rainy at times Wind Ely
pm took a walk to
Quiddy Viddy I wish some
of my
Halifax friends who grumble daily at their Situation
there, could see the Habitations of this miserable place
without windows without chimnies the light of
heaven coming in ye same hole which lets out
ye smoke and yet here ye equal hand of Heaven gives happiness Even here they increase & multiply

Monday 29 1779-11-29

Rain blows hard from ye Eward

Tuesday 30 1779-11-30

blew hard at about ENE all night
obliged to let go a third anchor very hardly cleared ourselves of a Brig who lay a Stern of us Still blows hard
but has veer'd a little to ye NEward & continued blowing
& raining all day


Wednesday December 1 1779-12-01

Cloudy but does not rain Wind
further North so we call it fair weather in this Country
We must take such for fair days or else we shall have
very fewhere Cloudy all day with a few
small rain Squalls blows fresh

Thursday 2 1779-12-02

St. John's Newfoundland December 1779

Page Image

Cloudy dirty weather Wind at N

Fryday 3 1779-12-03

Morning fair & sunshine a very rare
Phonomenon in this Country at noon Cloudy witha
Little rain pm Cloudy Wind Ely

Saturday 4 1779-12-04

Fair weather wind Wly sun setts
serene The coolest day we have yet had Today moor'd Ship

Sunday 5 1779-12-05

Fair weather Wind Wly cold arrived
a Ship from
York Comp.e to dine on board

Monday 6 1779-12-06

Cloudy am took off 9 hogshead of my Fish marked BM 1 to 9 at noon began to Snow Wind at E
now about 6pm blows a hard Gale of wind
arrived a Ship from
Dublin 2 brigs from an out harbor

Tuesday 7 1779-12-07

Snow all day Wind W Nly

Wednesday 8 1779-12-08

Fair Wind Wly took off 17 hogshead
Fish of mine Nr. 26 2 Brigs sail'd for
West Indies

Thursday 9 1779-12-09

Cloudy am Wind pm rain
dined at
Mr. Gardiner's

Fryday 10 1779-12-10

Fair cold Wind NW the Garland with
several Ships under convoy sail'd for

December 1779-12

St. John's Newfoundland1779

Page Image

be Princes & beggars among them The System of mankind appears confus'd from it'sbeing misunderstood
'Twas once the case in ye natural World
Ptolemy having conceived a wrong Situation of our
Globe from thence imagined
a System of motions for the Heavenly bodies the most confused complicate & contrarious that could
be 'twas such a Botch of a thing no body could endure
to look at it with any patience Tycho tried to mend the
matter He made more blunders at length Copernicus arose with a happier genius He sat everything to rightsfixing the Sun
whom Ptolemy & Tycho had set a travelling at a most terrible rate in his properstation at ye Centre of the whole
the other Globes ours with the rest took ye places belonging to them & now exhibit a most beautiful System
whose motions & appearances for any future period are
foretold & calculated with a nicety that at once pleases &
surprizes Some happy Genius may do the same in the
Moral World Find Man's proper Sphere
& what is his true motion in it & then all his
puzzeling phonomena will be easily explained

Wednesday 15 1779-12-15

St. John's Newfoundland1779

Page Image

Cloudy with a little snow am
pm wind freshens at NW fair & cold

Thursday 16 1779-12-16

Fair & very cold blows hard at W aboard all day

Fryday 17 1779-12-17

Fair cold blows hard at NW took
off the last of my Fish being 44 hogshead in all
The Cargo is also all aboard today

Saturday 18 1779-12-18

Fair moderate wind Wly Transport
sail'd for
Halifax 1 ship for
West Indies

Sunday 19 1779-12-19

Cloudy moderate little wind
to the Eward toward night small rain
on board all day

Monday 20 1779-12-20

Cloudy moderate Wind NW
aboard all day

Tuesday 21 1779-12-21

Cloudy misting rainy very little Wind
NEly aboard all day

Wednesday 22 1779-12-22

Fair pleasant as all fair weather is
in this place Wind Wly

Thursday 23 1779-12-23

Fair pleasant pm cold Wind Wly

Fryday 24 1779-12-24

Cloudy am sleet Wind Wly
aboard these two days .

Saturady 25 1779-12-25

Xmas day ashore all day dined at

Mr. Jenkin's Fair Wind NW 2 ships & 1 Snow


Halifax June 1780

Page Image

Pages missing in original.

for after I had been asleep some time, how long
I know not I was wakened by the boy's asking
the Carpenter who sleeps between decks what
was he doing with ye Candle for that something
was burning I started up & found the
cabin & Steerage full of smoke I immediately
jumped out of bed ran upon deck & found
a heap of sails which lay between decks all in a
blaze The people below were so drunk & asleep
they knew nothing of the matter my calling
up the boy roused the Carpenter he got upon
deck but was too groggy to do anything toward
extinguishing the fire which his carelessness had
kindled Jack and I happily put it out
a few minutes more & 'twould have been past
came to sail about 11 clock am but the wind
coming foul we ran up as far
George's Island
& came to anchor a Brigg in 27 days
from St. Kitts

Wednesday 21 1780-06-21

Halifax June 1780

Page Image

at Anchor by
George's Island
Wind fresh Swly till about 12 at noon then died away
veered to ye Eastward with rain

Thursday 22 1780-06-22

ashore in the morning break
-fasted at Doctr. P Came off & about 10 am
came to sail The Robust Pearl frigate a Brig

captain Baker & a small Schooner
captain Gallop coming
to sail at the same time a moderate breeze to ye
Wward at 8pm Sambro Light bore N 1/2 W
dist. 8 Leagues from thence we take our departure for the
West Indies

Sambro Island in Lat. 44. 32N
Long. 63. 20W

Fryday 23 1780-06-23

Nautical notes. See image

Parted with all our
Comp.y Saw yeRobust
ye last bearing ab.t
WNW on our starboard quarter
Weather fine & pleasant


23 Saturday 15th 1780-07-15

at Sea in the Pattey July 1780

Page Image

Yesterday & today hard Gales
& a high Sea ends more moderate

Nautical notes. See image.

24 Sunday 16th 1780-07-16

begins pleasantly with a fresh
gale but a smoother Sea than ye two days past
ends pleasant

Nautical notes. See image.

25 Monday 17th 1780-07-17

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

26 Tuesday 18 1780-07-18

at Sea in the Pattey 1780 July

Page Image

Nautical chart and notes. See image.

at 6pm began to steer W
at 8pm hove too head to ye Nward lay till
5am then made sail

27 Wednesday 19 1780-07-19

Lat Ob. 18 42

28 Thursday 20th1780-07-20

about 1pm
St. Martin's bearing Swly
about 2 in ye morning came to anchor in
St. Eustatius all well Thank God

Thursday 20 1780-07-20

St. Eustatius July 1780

Ent.d at ye Fort 80 hogshead fish 14m
shingles find three or four vessells with ye
remains of their Cargoes of Fish from

Fryday 21 1780-07-21

arrived a polacca from
St. John's with fish she is about 200 tons delivered
Crosby's Letter to
Admiral Rodney to
Fawkes of the Greyhound Frigate who came

Pages missing in original.

On The Fair Sex 1780-07

Page Image

Woman - Thou fairest last best work of Heav'n
Whose very Frailties render thee more lovely
And help t'endear thee still the more to Man
For hadst Thou been with one less weakness form'd
We should have thot thee Angel nor have dare'd
To approach familiar, Natures so divine
But should at distance & with fearful Reverence
Have paid an awful joyless, Adoration
Instead of that sweet pleasure giving homage
Which now we ever joy to kneel & pray

1780 BM

Honi soit qui mal y pense

Wrote at
St. John's River Bay of Funday while I lay there wind bound Sept. 1781 1780-07

Page Image

I'm almost sick and tir'd to death
With staying in this lonesome place
Where everyday presents itself
With just ye same dull looking face


O had I but some Kind fair Freind
With whom to chat yse hours away
I ne'er would care how blew ye wind
Nor tedious should I think my stay


Ah That was once my happy lot
When I with house & home was blest
I'd then a fair Companion got
Of many a female Charm possesst


Yes dearest Sally you was fair
Nor only fair but kind & good
Sweetly together did we share
The blessings heaven on us bestow'd

Page Image


Nor scantily did heaven show'r down
Those gifts which render life a blessing
But did our cup with plenty crown
And kept us from what was distressing


'Till base Rebellion did display
Her banners foul with false pretence
Then kindly Heaven took you away
From evils which have happened since


And careless me when I had lost
Of all it's Blessings far the best
Did teach & justly at my cost
The worth of what I once possessed


'Tis often so we do not prize
The present good at it's just route
But gone we see with other eyes
What was it's worth when 'tis too late


Now one verse more fait Ladies mine
And ther'll be one a peice for you
'Tis ye way I sometimes spend my time
When I have nothing else to do

S. Sewall from
Plymouth when a prisoner there 1776 1780-07

Page Image

Dr. Stephen
These few lines come to let you know
That I am well hope you are so
The true stile this epistolary
From which Good writers ne'er shou'd vary
Also to give you information
Of my present Situation
Quite unlike your's who now at ease
Can ramble where so e'er you please
In town or out on foot or Nag on
To Church to Burdick's or the Dragon
Can go see Tom can dine with Prince
At night beat Peter of his pense
Who with ill luck quite surely made
growls like a bear with broken head
While I poor Divel am here confin'd
In a place which no way suits my mind
For being (you know all my Story)
A sad incorrigible Tory
And now am so left in the lurch
By heaven! I can't e'en go to Church
How ever even let it run
it's a d---d long Lane which has no turn


Page Image

Pages missing in original


When the fond blushing willing Maid
My long lov'd wish'd for Mira said
Now, now, I'm ever thine


O how my Soul did then expand
To catch that willing trembling Hand
Which gave the best of Hearts;
The crimson cheek the down cast Eye
The fault'ring Tongue the flutt'ring Sigh
That tender Love imparts


When she with every Virtue fraught
By the enamour'd World was sought
And scorn'd them all for me
When she prefer'd my vows alone
To many lovers left to moan
My envied lot to see


What tranquil days what blissful nights
What social joys what dear delights
That blest & laught to bless
When not a care could intervene
To cloud the pure celestial Scene
Or image one distress

Page Image


How sweet the happy moments pass'd
Too blest I own (for man) to last
In calm domestick ease
How whilst her Charms my boosom fir'd
Her manners & her mind conspir'd
More lastingly to please


How for her sake I fondly swore
To lead a Wanderer's life no more
Tho Glory's Voice should call
Nor should the fame of Arms allure
Whilst of a greater Conquest sure
In her possessing all


How thus by love & fortune fix'd
My life with every comfort mix'd
I mean't no more to Rove
For ah to make herself more dear
My love'd Maria ev'ry year
Brought forth a pledge of Love

Page Image


But ah how few the months & days
How few the Hours contentment stays
To cheer the gloomy year
Heaven in our sweetest cup has thrown
Some bitter dregs to me well known
And fill'd it up with care


Grim visag'd War in dire array
And vile Rebellion leads the way
Beyond the Western main
Brittania rous'd sends forth her bands
And Thousands leave their native Strands
Ne'er to return again


Oh! How can I by words convey
When struggling round thee, drag'd away
A soul which clung to you
When Strong ambition's ardent Flame
Too dearly bot a Spotless name
The bidding Love adieu!

Page Image


Oh! Mira thou my greatet Pride
To Honor as to worth allied
supress thy tears & sighs
Behold said I, I mourn like thee
But ah in pity's sake for me
Bid nobler Passions rise


I go where fame & Duty call
Glory must now that Heart enthrall
Which should be your's alone
But still shall'st thou forever find
Thine image stamp'd upon my mind
And all thy Virtues own


While thus absorb'd in tears of Greif
And heart felt sighs our sole releif
We mingled our alarms
The signal's fired the anchor's weigh'd
And time proclaims too long you've staid
And tore me from her arms


November Occurences at

Page Image

2. The Vultur & ye Coal fleet arrived from Louisbourg
This night a hard gale at Wind at about ESE
4. The Hunter Ship of War arrived from a Cruize
5. A Schooner arrived from N York sail 19 Alt. In cowith
a fleet with 2000 Hessians for this place She spoke with

Admiral Byron's fleet off George's (14 sail)
This night a hard Gale at NE with Snow
9. arrived the Blond & Delaware the Blond threw
over 11 of her guns in ye Gale of wind of the 5th
10. The Report of the day is that
Dominica is in the
hands of the French & that they are gone or going to attack

Jamaica a fine hobble Old
England has got herself
into This is carrying on war in such a Slovenly manner better to drop it or to carry it on with Spirit
12. The Howe Sloop brot in a Small american Privateer mounted
with Swivels She came from
Dennis brot in a prisoner was commr
of a 14 gun brig out of
Marblehead taken by the
Savage Sloop a few days ago I was his
Prisoner such is the fortune of War

Mr. Bennet several articles bot for him in ye
West Indies1780-11

Page Image

Your orders Dear Sir & 'twas but my duty
In such way I've fullfill'd as I thot would
best suit ye
First a pot of Good Ginger & nothing you'll find
so good for the stomach when troubled with wind
A peice or two taken with a Spoon or a Fork
Tis no matter [] it will soon do
But as this is a Cordial best take it alone
The good it then does you will be all your own
For if you allow at such times a By-Stander
You must give him a bit or suffer the Slander
Of being so very a miserly Elf
As to eat all your Good Things up your ownself
And the giving a bit sooner Empties the Pot
And They'll never consider how hard it is got
How the Tropic is crossed both backward & forward
In going out South & coming home Northward
Then the Thousands of dangers we run from in Seas
From Rovers from Pirates Thick almost as Bees
Page Image

And when you've once given, abroad they will blaze it
What a fine pot of Ginger you have in your Closet
So they'll daily be coming & begging in Throngs
With My Aunt has the Colic & My Mother longs
They'll so teaze you so vex you they'll make such a rout
You will never be quiet untill 'tis all out
The best way is therefore not let it be known
That there is e'er a such Pot in the Town
But should it get blabbed Why tell a good swinger
Say The Mice gnaw'd a hole thro it & eat all the Ginger
Next are Six bottles of most excellent pickles
That better were ne'er set on Table with Vict'alls
The Acid so sharp the Flavour so fine
They'll strengthen your Stomach whenever you dine
Then, last is a case of very fine syrup
With six bottles of Lime Juice These together you'll stir up
In a Bowl of fair water To which add a Beaker
Of good old Cane Spirit & you'll then have such Liquor
Page Image

As Jove never tasted & were he stillliving
To get a good drink of 't he'd his nectar be giving
This, Sir of your goods is ye total account
And now let us see to what they amount
of the Ginger Three dollars & a half is the Price
And just that same sum for the pickles so nice
The Lime Juice cost three the Syrop cost two
The whole is just twelve If we've reckon'd true
So there Sir's your ware & here Sir's my Bill
Which you may discharge whenever you will
But pray don't mistake me I mean not to dun ye
Take what time you please Sir to pay me the mony
For now 'pon my Honour I vow & protest
I think it is as safe in your hands as my Chest
But, only th'old Proverb you know recommends
The Short'ning of Reck'nings for keeping of Freinds
And your Friendship in Truth Sir I count among Those
Which would render me very unhappy to lose
Halifax June 1779 BM


Page Image

Pages missing in original


Ye youthfull Trees late planted by my hand
And nurs'd & tended with my fondest care
Which round the fertile plat in order stand
And now begin your luscious fruit to bear


'Tis with regret your freindly shades I flee
Least some rude arm of Ravage Guilt & war
Should tear the tender blossoms from ye tree
Nor in their rage your tender branches spare


Ye shaggy hemlocks & ye waving Pines
Whose tops aspiring threaten in the Sky
The Sport of Tempests & conflicting winds
From whence resounds the Owl's tremendous cry


Here the tall Forest & the Verdant Grove
Ting'd withtheir various dyes my fancy please
Thro which ye winged Nations joyful rove
And mingle Musick with ye whispering breeze


The mossy rocks & all the dusky woods
Hills which in near or distant Prospect rise
The Crystal fountain & ye Streaming Floods
Exclude their Charms & grandeur from my eyes

Page Image


With rev'rence I survey yon ancient Oak
Majestic tree! Spreading abroad its arms
Resisting long ye Thunder's awful stroke
And all ye fury of the Northern Storms


Adieu to Kennebec that mighty Stream
which rolls it's sullen tide or rapid roars
O'er ragged rocks & shoals which intervene
And washes in its course a thousand Storey


Alas! I feel a multitude of woes
When I survey that yonder house of prayer
Which from that hand of Charity arose
And at ye Sight let fall a parting tear


'Twas here we met to learn ye way to heav'n
Rejoyc'd to see each other's smiling face
'Till by the rage of Persecution driven
To wander chearless from the sacred place


Forbid by impious men of lawless might
(Devoid of Conscience destitute of Shame)
To hear ye Gospel or to celebrate
By prayer or Praise ye great eternal name

Page Image


To Heaven's paternal care I recommend
My suffering Friends & from my heart implore
Almighty God their safety to defend
From B---n's subtle craft & C---g's vengful power


Once more we view the solemn scenes around
with swelling Greif my Partner calls to mind
Her tender Babes! Beneath ye heaving ground
And weeps to leave ym mouldring dust behind


a Poem on a very tragical accident 1780-11

gentleman was in love to distraction with a Lady
who was a kept mistress to Lord L---h she refused his addresses He unable to conquer his passion
or obtain his wishes took ye dreadful resolution of
destroying both himself & her which he partly effected by shooting her dead as she was stepping in
=to a Coach from ye Play he then fired another pistol at his own head but ye Call not being rightly placed did not prove mortal 'Tis wrote in
ye character of the unfortunate Person & from
many expressions we may conclude ye Lady had at
some time favoured his Hopes

Page Image

Tis done Thy fatal charms no more shall move
Dispair at last succeeds to hopeless Love
Away ye Fault'ring Tongue ye deep drawn Sighs
The folded Arms wan Cheeks & Streaming Eyes
Death (Sorrow's friend) These weeping eyes shall close
And take me from my Passion & my Woes
Think not these lines thy pity wish to claim
Again to kindle Love's extinguish'd flame
No! No! Thy perjur'd faith & cold disdain
rage in my heart & fire my madd'ning hain
Page Image

Cold is the Breast that once my vows approv'd
Forever lost to me the maid I lov'd
Wretch! shall I tamely bear the galling chain
And crawl through life a Spectacle of pain
No! come Dispair unsheath thy freindly blade
And wrap me in he Grave's eternal shade
Freely this anxious Being I resign
Be endless Sleep & dumb Oblivion mine
Stop, impious suicide! Nor think to fly
The Stings of guilt & Heaven's all peircing eye
Can the grave hide from his pervading ray
Who made the Light & formed thee from ye Clay
Or madly dost Thou think th' aspiring mind
Form'd for itself or link'd to Human Kind
Did Wisdom frame Creation's humblest plan
Shine in her lowest works but stop at man
Ah Wretch! Did Heaven bestow a thirst of Fame
Th' insatiate love of Truth the Patriot Flame
The self-approving thot the sense of right
Guilt's secret horrors Virtue's calm delight
Thy breast with reason's active powers supply
To eat To drink To triffle & to die?
Go hapless Pastor! Choose some nobler aim
Think of the World's Thy Freinds Thy Country's claim
Page Image

Go To thy Flock Religion's Charms display
Point out ye road to Heaven & lead the way
Oh fatal Force of Passions unsubdued
In vain I strive to stem th' impetuous Flood
Love in my Heart maintains resistless sway
And sweeps my Reason pray'rs & faith away
Then take relentless Maid! My last adieu
My Lips expiring Breath shall wisper you
But whilst on Life's extreamest verge I stand
And hold the deadly Weapon in my hand
Perhaps my Rival all your Heart employs
Insults my Fate & riots in your joys
Perhaps when death shall close these weeping eyes
And free you from my wishes & my sighs
My vows rejected will his bless improve
Swell his proud triumph & augment his love
Detested thot! O! Spare my akeing Heart
My Arm may tremble but we must not part
Vain are his Hopes to triumph in thy Charms
This slighted Hand shall tear thee from his arms
Thou too shall bleed at Love's insatiate Shrine
And blend at least in death thy fate with mine

To Eliza 1780-11

Page Image

Tir'd with the dull & tedious Scene
In which these many weeks we've been
I hope it soon will change
That we shall leave this wretched shore
More kindly regions to explore
And have more Room to range


Winter in all it's horrid forms
Of rain of Snow of Cold of Storms
Alternate rules each day
The Sun far in his Southern Tour
Shortens our day of many an hour
And shoots a feeble ray


To our short days long nights succeed
And these are tedious Things indeed
Where Conversation's none
For our acquaintance now being old
Our stories all so oft we've told
They've all quite lost their fun


On Ship-board pent in narrow bound
We scarce can swing a Kitten round
So strained is the Space
Where we both eat & drink & Sleep
Could you but get at it one peep
You'd think it a curious place


When supper's o'er the boy is call'd
Our cotts all quickly down are haul'd
And we turn in to rest
And there we lay till morning Gun
Harbinger of the rising Sun
Calls each one from his nest


Our cotts truss'd up & breakfast o'er
In the same tract we tread once more
Which we trod yesterday
Our business all is just the same
There's no variety in the game
Which we have now to play


Shut up from all the world besides
We seldom know what there belides
We have no Henry here
Whose loborate weekly paper shews
Both foreign & domestic News
So true & very Clear


Nor does the face of Nature here
Looks so smiling ever wear
As to delight our Eyes
'Tis all one dismal dreary Scene
Of dark unvaried Ever-green
No gratefull Prospects rise

End of volume 20.