New Brunswick. Commission on Bathurst Schools.

Abstract: Report upon charges relating to the Bathurst Schools and other schools in Gloucester County, 1894

The animosity which led to the creation of this commission is the sort that could only be borne out of sectarian differences. Recognizing the potential for continued turmoil, the Legislative Assembly appointed New Brunswick Supreme Court Justice John James Fraser to make the inquiry.

Tensions over educational matters in Gloucester County dated back decades before the Bathurst School Commission to riots in Caraquet in the early 1870s. This Commission, however, was instigated by the complaints of Reverend Alexander Thompson. Though there were fifteen separate complaints made by Thompson, the overriding theme was the charge that the Catholic Church was trying to take control of the local common schools and teach Catholic dogma. The complaints often took the conspiratorial form of what is still commonly referred to, though now generally ironically, a "papist plot".

Justice Fraser dealt with the individual complaints as befitted a Supreme Court Justice, methodically and judiciously. Although he found that Thompson's complaints had some validity, on the whole the accusations were not borne out by the evidence. For instance, on the most serious charges, such as clerical interference in educational administration, that Protestant children had been forced to kneel and cross themselves, and that Protestant children had been penalized for the religious affiliation of their parents, were all dismissed by Fraser.

In the end, Justice Fraser stated that "I do not think the evidence shows that there is or has been any endeavour to bring such schools into harmony with and make them subservient to the Roman Catholic Church."


John James Fraser.

Documents Available for Viewing

Main ReportpdfHeader onlygif
Enabling LegislationpdfHeader onlyincluded with Main Report

Bibliographic Information

View the file's header (TEI format) which contains bibliographic information about the print and electronic versions of the report of this Commission.